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Letters which have accompanied
the Wildlife Death Notices sent to the government.
Click here for wildlife death notice letters
Orphaned animals need aid
The Ottawa Citizen
June 15, 2005
Re: Orphaned fawn puts officer in dilemma, June 10 -
to read story.
I sympathized with police Const. Randy Wagner's dilemma in determining what
to do with an orphaned fawn.
After recently witnessing the horrible distress of a baby raccoon whose
mother and brother were killed, I was appalled to discover that there is no
legal humane means of helping orphaned wild animals in this province.
There is no longer an Ottawa-Carleton Wildlife Care Centre to take in animals
such as the orphaned raccoon. And we were informed, as was Const. Wagner,
that it is illegal to rehabilitate a wild animal on one's own. Those who
attempt to provide such a service risk being fined up to $12,000. The City of
Ottawa's and the Ottawa Humane Society's best advice to us was that the
animal could be euthanized or left to die from starvation or a more unnatural
fate, like that which took the raccoon's mother and sibling.
The adage of "let nature take its course" may apply in the wild, but as we
increasingly encroach upon, and eliminate, the natural habitats of animals,
the question of nature must give way to a question of ethics. The options
given to citizens who find themselves in the presence of orphaned or
otherwise suffering young animals are unacceptable ethically. To compound the
matter, the provincial government's failure to provide an acceptable method
of rehabilitating such animals puts undue burdens on citizens born with
© The Ottawa Citizen 2005
Proposed rules makes
helping wild animals harder
The Record (Kitchener, Cambridge and Waterloo)
February 9, 2005
I would like to respond to the Jan. 28 article, Proposed
Rules Make Helping Wild Animals Harder.
As the Executive Director of the Cambridge and District
Humane Society, an organization who strongly relies upon and encourages
volunteer involvement and foster parenting, Bonnie Deekon should know the
importance of, and promote the use of, volunteers to rehabilitate animals,
whether domestic or wild.
Foster parents are first trained and educated by an
Authorized Wildlife Custodian who makes the educated decision as to whether a
person is able to fulfil the necessary duties a foster parent must successfully
complete to ensure the best outcome for the animal. Foster parents are able to
contact their supervising AWC as well as other AWCs at any moment of the day if
they feel assistance is needed. The supervising AWC also remains in frequent
contact with the individual and it is not uncommon for the AWC to visit the
foster home, examining the animal(s) progress.
Education is only a beneficial tool and I am not against
formal courses for anyone taking care of an animal. To suggest that one needs
to be educated so that they do not fall asleep is a low and ridiculous
Wildlife rehabilitators and the humane society have a same
goal: to offer animals with unfortunate beginnings a second chance. Should we
not be able to apply the same source of help, namely VOUNTEERS, when trying to
meet our goals successfully? I think so!
Wildlife Rehabilitation Network
Volunteer Wildlife Custodian
Rabies research funding challenged:
McGuinty should scavenge funds from his own
The Ottawa Citizen
Saturday, February 19, 2005
Re: Unfair immigration subsides McGuinty's latest complaint, Feb. 13.
In an effort to find badly needed dollars for our province, it appears Premier
Dalton McGuinty is hard at work trying to extract funds from the federal
government, first with equalization payments and now with immigration subsidies.
Is this his sole plan to deal with the economic problems facing our province --
get money from the feds? He would like us to think all our woes can be
attributed to a tight-fisted federal government and deflect accountability for
his own government's management practices. Perhaps in his scavenger hunt for
funds, he should look a little closer to home for the goods.
Maybe he could start with a review of the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources'
rabies program. It would seem a good place to start since in opposition he
promised such a review if elected; the program has been controversial partly
because the funding it receives is considered by many to be grossly
disproportionate to the low risk of exposure to this disease and the program is
already costing Ontario taxpayers millions of dollars each year and continues to
grow with construction set to begin soon of a building at Trent University which
will house the MNR's rabies research and development unit. And this comes at a
time when there are more urgent threats to both our health and economy such as
the widely anticipated flu pandemic which we are nowhere near to being prepared
If Mr. McGuinty can get money from the federal government, more power to him but
he should clean up his own house first.
© The Ottawa Citizen 2005
Rabies under control
The Record (Kitchener, Cambridge and Waterloo)
February 10, 2005
Karen Kawawada did an excellent job in presenting an overview of the wildlife
rehabilitation crisis in Ontario in her Jan. 28 story, Proposed Rules Make
Helping Wild Animals Harder. The issue is of real concern to communities across
the province, given the imminent loss of help for wildlife because of the
Ministry of Natural Resources proposed regulations.
It was interesting to learn in the article that "no humans have died of rabies
in Ontario since 1967." While the ministry would like to take credit for this
based on the multi-millions of dollars it spends annually on rabies research,
testing and control, it is primarily pet owners who can take the real credit.
Pet vaccinations have virtually eliminated rabies as a risk in North America.
Furthermore, public education and the availability of post- exposure vaccination
if a person gets bitten by a raccoon or skunk have helped.
In referring to this low risk, ministry spokeswoman, Jolanta Kowalski, states
"but some 2,000 people a year need life-saving post-exposure treatment."
However, a study on Postexposure Treatment and Animal Rabies, Ontario 1958-2000,
conducted by the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Ministry of Health showed
the number of post-exposure treatments in 1997-2000 at around 1,000 a year. The
study also highlighted the fact that even this number is disproportionately high
given the dramatic decline in cases of animal rabies, leading investigators to
believe that media attention and fear-mongering are responsible for people
seeking unnecessary treatment.
Donna DuBreuil, president
Ottawa-Carleton Wildlife Centre
Posted Feb. 12, 2005
Debbie Lawes response to wildlife rehab EBR
January 24, 2005
Dear Premier McGuinty
Re: EBR Registry Number PB04E6022
Are you aware that your government’s Ministry of Natural Resources has
proposed draconian regulations that will turn people who care for injured and
orphaned baby animals into criminals?
My family and I have been fortunate on
three separate occasions to care for orphaned baby squirrels that had been
rescued by caring local residents and taking to the Ottawa-Carleton Wildlife
Centre for care, rehabilitation and eventual release.
The Centre, like all authorized wildlife custodians, depends on foster
volunteers to help care for thousands of animals found injured or alone in
our communities. As a foster volunteer, I received very detailed instructions
on how to feed and care for these small animals. To teach them
species-specific skills and behaviours, orphans were bundled into new family
units, and later released into a specially built nesting box located on my
property, where these animals continued to receive food until learning how to
forage on their own.
The experience I just described to you will no longer – in the eyes of
your Ministry – be one of a caring citizen. Rather, I will be branded a
criminal, subjects to fines and possibly even imprisonment from your
This is unacceptable and is the responsibility of your
government to stop what is quickly emerging as the single greatest threat to
wildlife rehabilitation in Ontario.
Wildlife rehabilitation is already in a state of crisis in Ontario, as
a result of the MNR and the failure of you and other Liberal MPPs to honour
commitments made during the last election to improve the climate for
rehabilitation in Ontario. Instead, the opposite has happened.
The proposed care and release regulations (1km and 5km restrictions)
will mean that single orphans will have to be raised alone in violation of
international and humane standards and, after months of care, put back into
busy and inappropriate areas – effectively eliminating the critical final
phase of wildlife rehabilitation, since many species require a “soft” release
with transitional care provided at the release site – and eliminating any
chance of survival. The proposed elimination of foster families will mean
drastically-reduced help for wildlife at a time when development and loss of
habitat is creating more demand. Furthermore, the reporting and monitoring
conditions the MNR would impose on wildlife rehabilitators demonstrate its
negative bias and disrespect for rehabilitators who volunteer their time and
offer a free and much valued service to communities all over Ontario.
Ontario must adopt regulations governing wildlife rehabilitation care
and release standards that prevail throughout North America: orphaned
wildlife should be raised with others of their own species, to learn proper
conspecific behaviours, and the group should then be released together in
appropriate natural areas, generally within the city or county of origin.
Otherwise, wildlife rehabilitators cannot provide an ethical, responsible
service, and you will rightfully continue to receive strong criticism from
hundreds of members of the public, from all walks of life, left without help
each and every wildlife birthing season.
An Abuse of the EBR Process and A Broken Promise by
your Government: Your government, while in Opposition, was strongly critical
of the Ministry’s wildlife rehabilitation regulations, having presented
petitions from over 9,000 residents in 260 communities demanding change. You
promised, if elected, that you “would review these regulations, working with
rehabilitators, to develop a new and improved working relationship between
government and community volunteers”. Instead, these current proposals were
quietly posted just ten days before Christmas with little time for public
input, without any consultation with the majority of wildlife rehabilitators
in the province and with parliament conveniently recessed until March 2005 so
there would be little political opposition to this highly contentious issue.
I fully expect the EBR process will once again be abused by MNR and
that is why I am directing my comments to you. In July 2002, the Ministry
posted changes to wildlife rehabilitation regulations on the basis of
intentionally misrepresented information while fabricating a non-existent
“emergency” to deny public input. The current EBR posting states wildlife
rehabilitators have been consulted when, in fact, they certainly have not.
The public is no longer fooled with respect to the MNR
agenda. Wildlife rehabilitation and its promotion of respect and understanding
for wildlife undermines the fear-mongering the Ministry needs to sustain a
hugely expensive and unwarranted rabies budget for the lowest public health risk
in North America. As a taxpayer, I am appalled that so much funding is
being diverted from badly-needed programs to this boondoggle.
I urge you to withdraw the EBR
posting, to consult with the majority of wildlife rehabilitators in Ontario and
to ensure that this country’s largest province is not the only jurisdiction in
North America without any progressive help for wildlife.
Posted Feb. 12, 2005
Government hypocrisy leaves wildlife
with no help
MPP, Ottawa West - Nepean
201-2249 Carling Avenue
Ottawa, ON K2B 7E9
Dear Mr. Watson:
I am sending the attached letter regarding wildlife
rehabilitation in Ontario because I am concerned not only for the welfare of
wildlife but also for the negative impact that current regulations have had
on the City of Ottawa. Between the Humane Society, the Wild Bird Care Centre
& the Ottawa Carleton Wildlife Centre, our city once had a comprehensive
response for residents seeking assistance for all types of animals we
encounter. Thanks to the regressive policies of the Ministry of Natural
Resources with respect to wildlife rehabilitation, we have lost a large part
of this response with the closure of the OCWC. While it was operating, the
OCWC took thousands of calls from residents and provided care for many
animals each year proving that there was a very real demand for this type of
service. That demand still exists but the expectation for help has simply
been downloaded to others. This has created problems for the many individuals
seeking assistance as well as those they now turn to for help - our humane
society and our veterinarians. These groups are unable to provide assistance
for wildlife and should not be expected to. These groups are dedicated to
saving lives but have been placed in the appalling position of having to
euthanize healthy animals. As well, the city has been left to field calls
from residents looking for help and is well aware of the need for a return of
a volunteer wildlife service. No doubt, this is why city council agreed last
summer to urge the OMNR to adopt a more humane and progressive approach to
the control of raccoon rabies.
Unfortunately, a volunteer wildlife service can not be restored to our
residents unless there is change to the regulations governing wildlife
rehabilitation - change that your government promised but have yet to affect.
I am extremely disappointed with the hypocrisy your government has shown with
respect to this issue. While in opposition, you were critical of the MNR
policies and presented petitions with over 9000 signatures to the former
government calling for change. However, now that in power, you have not only
failed to correct the situation but are actively taking steps which will make
You cared about my vote yesterday when you made your promises and will
likely care about it again in the future. If you hope to secure it, your
current performance with respect to wildlife rehabilitation is not the way.
Unlike some issues facing our province which present a more daunting
challenge, a return to progressive policies related to wildlife
rehabilitation should not be a difficult task. Consequently, I think this
issue is a good indicator of your governments ability and integrity to make
good on it's promises. I expect your government to negotiate an acceptable
solution soon and will be watching with interest to see how your government
responds in this matter.
More veterinarians speak out ...
February 8, 2005
Premier Dalton McGuinty
1795 Kilborn Avenue
Ottawa, ON K1H 6N1
Dear Premier McGuinty
I am writing to you as a veterinarian in private practice in Ottawa and a
resident in your riding and as Vice-President of the Ottawa-Carleton Wildlife
Centre, with regards to the proposed changes to be made to the Wildlife
Rehabilitation Program, specifically EBR Registry Number PB04E6022. The
wildlife rehabilitation crisis created by the Ministry of Natural Resources
has been made worse by the new regulations. My fear is that the new
Environmental Bill of Rights (EBR) will eliminate what little help is left
for wildlife in Ontario.
Veterinarians have worked closely with the Ottawa-Carleton Wildlife Centre
for the past 15 years because it provides, by far, the safest and best
outcome for the public and for wildlife. I practiced as a veterinarian in
Ottawa for 10 years before the OCWC came into existence and I remember what a
terrible situation we had then and I don’t understand why we are returning to
that state again.
When the public finds injured or orphaned wildlife they only have two
options: either leave them where they find them or else have them euthanized
at their expense. A third and illegal option which many concerned residents
feel is the only real alternative is to care for these animals themselves.
As a veterinarian familiar with wildlife, I do not believe that it is
appropriate for the public to be handling wild animals. Animal bites along
with a range of parasitic diseases that can be contracted by an
unknowledgeable and unprotected public are the concern.
With no wildlife rehabilitation, people who find wildlife will naturally
call a veterinarian with the expectation that they should be able to help.
Most veterinarians don’t have the expertise to deal with wildlife problems
and most will not want to euthanize healthy wild animals. Veterinarians are
animal lovers so are not in the business to euthanize healthy animals. If a
veterinarian doesn’t have the knowledge to help or doesn’t want to euthanize
a healthy animal or entire litter of healthy animals, it will certainly
appear that they don’t care – and that isn’t true.
The current Ministry of Natural Resources regulations must be changed to
bring back responsible care for the wild animals who desperately need our
help, as well as reflect the humane response that the public, in our
Dan Rodgers DVM
Alta Vista Animal Hospital
2616 Bank St.
Ottawa, Ont., K1T 1M9
c.c. Hon. David Ramsay
Philip McNeely, Lib. MPP (Ottawa Orleans)
Madeleine Meilleur, Lib. MPP (Ottawa Vanier)
Jim Watson, Lib. MPP (Ottawa West Nepean)
John Baird, Con. MPP (Nepean Carleton)
Veterinarians appalled at MNR proposals
that will eliminate help for wildlife in Ontario
January 24, 2005
To Whom It May Concern:
I am a practicing veterinarian in St. Thomas, Ontario and am writing in regards
to the proposed changes to be made to the Wildlife Rehabilitation Program,
specifically EBR Registry Number PB04E6022.
The proposed title of “Enhanced” Wildlife Rehabilitation Program is a cruel
joke! It is obvious that the intent of the MNR is not to enhance but to almost
eliminate wildlife rehabilitation in Ontario if these changes are enacted. I
have been aware for some time of the MNR’s attitude of disapproval towards
wildlife rehabilitation in general, but I assure you they are completely out of
step with public opinion on this issue.
My understanding of their “logic” in this move is two fold. First, they maintain
that nature should be left alone. Injured, sick or orphaned wildlife should die.
They claim it is not “natural” for a human to save a wild animal, raise it and
release it later. I see several fallacies with this approach. We humans have
inexorably changed nature already, destroying habitat, removing top predators,
building roads with busy traffic, etc. The small sliver of wilderness still
remaining in Ontario deserves our respect. We owe the wild creatures as much
help as we can give them. If we teach our children to kill or leave to die a
wild animal that could be helped and then returned to nature, what are we
teaching them? Surely not compassion, surely not a deep and abiding respect for
No, we are teaching them to not care, that we are separate from nature, that the
wild things are separate from us and their suffering should be ignored. This
hands off approach to nature damages our humanity as much as it damages the
The great hypocrisy of the MNR is that they get much of their funding from
hunting and fishing licenses. Hunting and fishing they conveniently consider as
not disturbing nature, but somehow rescuing a baby skunk will dangerously upset
the natural balance. This is considered so dangerous that there is a $100,000.00
fine if you are caught.
The second major argument the NMR puts forward as a reason for the proposed
changes to the wildlife rehab regulations is the need to control diseases,
especially rabies. Controlling the spread of disease is a noble pursuit, but
these new regulations are not based on sound scientific and practical facts.
International standards call for orphans to be raised with conspecifics to learn
proper behavior and to be released as a group. The proposed regulations would
have single orphans raised and released separately, almost ensuring their
inability to survive.
The proposed rules about how far away from their capture location rehabilitated
wildlife can be cared for and eventually released are absurdly limited and not
at all conforming to international standards or rational science. The proposed
regulations state that if a rabies vector species in need of help is found more
than 50km away from a licensed Rehabilitation center, it must be killed. If
these new regulations take effect the number of available rehabbers will drop
from the current approximately 100 in Ontario to perhaps only half a dozen, due
to the overly strict physical plant requirements. This would leave almost all of
Ontario’s vast geography without a licensed center within the required 50km,
resulting in mandatory euthanasia of all sick, injured or orphaned rabies vector
species in those areas.
The proposed requirements for releasing rehabilitated animals state that rabies
vector species (raccoons, skunks etc.) must be released within 1km of where they
were found, even if that is in the middle of a city or some other unsuitable
site. Accepted international standards allow animals to be released in an
appropriate environment as close to the capture location as possible.
When the kindly average citizen is presented with only two legal choices of
killing sick, injured or orphaned wildlife or leaving them to die, most will in
good conscience disobey the law and raise the animal secretly themselves. The
MNR claims to want to “professionalize” wildlife rehab, but the opposite will
happen. The entire process will go underground, with no supervision at all. This
will definitely increase the risk of spreading zoonoses, not to mention well
meaning but inappropriate diet and rearing environments. The current system of
licensed wildlife custodians and their network of supervised foster caregivers
works fairly well and should be allowed to continue. There is no reason that
wildlife cannot be safely and successfully raised in small, low-tech settings.
Expensive (and therefore rare) large dedicated facilities are not necessarily
better than someone’s well maintained garage or shed.
From my decades of working with the public as a veterinarian in Ontario, I know
that the vast majority of the people in our province would be vehemently opposed
to these new regulations. In fact, most people seem to think that there is some
government organization that cares for sick and orphaned wildlife. They are
surprised when I tell them it is all done by volunteers, without any government
money do it all.
Last year, I had a teacher bring to me a baby squirrel that her grade 3
classroom had seen get knocked out of its nest by a storm. It had a concussion
and was not able to walk properly and so could not be returned to the nest. Our
local official wildlife rehabber was notified and she took the baby squirrel to
one of her network of foster caregivers who raised it in a cage with an orphaned
squirrel its own age. He recovered fully in time and was released near the
school. The teacher stayed in touch with the foster caregiver and the school
children sent the squirrel get well cards. If these proposed regulatory changes
had been in place at that time, I would have had to kill that baby squirrel. The
public would be rightly outraged in such a situation, as would I.
I sincerely hope that common sense will prevail and these new regulations are
Mary Wester Yett, DVM
St. Thomas, Ontario.
Click here to view original letter in Word format
Letter from Liona Boyd, CM, world
renowned classical guitarist
Please note the following is a letter by world renowned guitarist Liona
Boyd, recipient of the Order of Canada, Order of Ontario and Vanier Award.
Miss Boyd, a long time animal activist is lending her support to Ontario's
rehabilitators in their efforts to have current Ontario Ministry of Natural
Resources wildlife rehabilitation proposals changed to reflect international
A biography of Miss Boyd's accomplishments can be found at
Click here to view Ms. Boyd's scanned fax with photo (238K
January 17, 2005
Premier Dalton McGuinty
Government of Ontario
Room 281, Main Legislative Building
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Dear Premier McGuinty:
Re: Environmental Bill of Rights (EBR)
Registry Number PB04E6022
Although I no longer dwell in Ontario, I have not lost touch with my
home and still return to visit and perform.
I have long been an advocate of protecting all animals and consequently
have learned of the Ministry of Natural Resources, currant wildlife
I understand, Mr. McGuinty that in spite of your written promise to
address the wildlife rehabilitation crisis created by the Ministry of Natural
Resources, the Ministry has quietly posted new regulations that will, in
fact, make the current crisis even worse and eliminate what little help is
left for wildlife in Ontario.
Ontario must adopt the regulations governing wildlife rehabilitation
care and release standards that prevail throughout North America, such as those
used by the International Wildlife Rehabilitation Council [IWRA] and the
National Wildlife Rehabilitation Association.
Releasing orphaned wildlife within one kilometer of the site they were
found is virtually impossible, especially in urban situations. The standards
set by IWRC and NWRA of 10 miles if the site is appropriate to the well being
of the animal is much more realistic.
Orphaned wildlife should be raised with others of their own species, to
learn proper conspecific behaviours, and the group should then be released
together in appropriate natural areas.
The removal of the foster parents ability of rehabilitating orphaned
wildlife in their homes, under the supervision of an Authorized Wildlife
Custodian, will cause a major shortage of rehabilitators which will result in
the needless death of hundreds perhaps thousands of animals. This is
The MNR proposals will cause the too many volunteer wildlife
rehabilitators in Ontario to be unable to provide their free service to the
public and will leave thousands of members of the public with no avenue to
turn to when faced with injured or orphaned wildlife questions or problems.
On behalf of Ontario's wildlife and their rehabilitators I ask that you
change your proposals to emulate those of the IWRC and NWRA.
Liona Boyd, CM. LLD
David Ramsay, Minister of Natural Resources E-mail:
John Baird, Opposition House Leader E-mail:
Liz White, Ontario Wildlife Coalition E-mail:
Letter from MNR Conservation Officer
The Honourable Dalton McGuinty
Room 281 Main Legislative Building, Queens Park
like to introduce myself as a Conservation Officer who retired from the
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources in 2001 with 29 years experience. Those
29 years included experience in both wildlife enforcement and wildlife
management. I also have another 2 years experience as an MNR fisheries
biologist, 2 years as a Deputy Conservation Officer and 4 years as a research
assistant in small mammal ecology with the University of Windsor.
been involved with wildlife rehabilitation since the mid1960’s and licensed
by the MNR in 2003. As you can see I have been both professionally and
personally involved in the management of Ontario’s wildlife for over half a
in mind I would like to state that as a member of the Volunteer Wildlife
Custodians I cannot agree with the ‘ Proposed Changes to Wildlife
CustodianProgram’, as they now stand. Some of my concerns are, I do not
believe that Rabies Vector and Non- Rabies Vector species should be
incorporated under the same regulations, and the distances suggested for the
intake and release of theses animals is unsatisfactory and should be
Ministry of Natural Resources has historically, when drafting or changing
regulations that significantly impacts large numbers of resource users and/
or clients meet with them during the initial drafting process. To my
knowledge this has not happened. Both I and members of the Volunteer Wildlife
Custodians were never contacted during this process. Just two days before
Christmas I received notification by mail regarding the draft of the changes
and given until January 29, 2005 to respond. Your staff knew right well that
I and other wildlife rehabilitator’s time would be taken up by the seasons
it is obvious to many that those within the Ministry that are involved in
dealing with Wildlife Custodians have a different philosophical outlook and
have very little interest in not only dealing with us but not taking our
views and ideas seriously. In the thirty plus years with the Ministry, I
never once heard a good word for all the work the wildlife rehabilitators
have done, or for that matter any individual that had an interest in non-game
species. They were always looked upon with distain yet realistically over the
years wildlife rehabilitators have played a very significant and silent part
in the MNR’s public relations program. Without these dedicated individuals
who ask for no compensation for all the work that they do the MNR would have
to put to death thousands of orphaned and injured animals that the public
would bring to them.
imagine how the media would handle this and the fallout the local MPP’s and
the Premier would have to endure from the outraged public.
cases rehabilitators have saved local District Offices thousands of dollars
from their annual budget. One case in particular was when head office staff
advised the Chatham area office that they were responsible for the health and
well being of two injured, endangered, White Pelicans which had been shot at
Rondeau ProvincialPark by duck hunters. Pelicans are a high maintenance
animal when in captivity and the local wildlife rehabilitators spent
thousands of dollars and numerous hours caring for these birds until they
were air lifted to Florida.
September the MNR held a number of open houses across Ontario in regards to
its review of legislation governing Provincial Parks, Conservation Reserves
and Wildlife Areas. Liberal MPP, Pat Hoy, stated in the local newspaper, “We
want to hear from the public at large”.
Therefore, Sir, I hope you will have your staff revaluate the situation and
meet with wildlife rehabilitators that are not presently represented by any
organization and members of the Volunteer Wildlife Custodians that represents
a large number of wildlife rehabilitators throughout Ontario.
for your time and consideration and I would like to take this opportunity to
wish you and your family a Very Happy, Healthy and Prosperous New Year.
: Honourable David Ramsay Minister of Natural Resources
: Pat Hoy MPP
Natural Resources variance poses risk
London Free Press
Letter to Editor
January 17, 2005
Regarding letter, Minister cites errors in wildlife article (Jan. 12) from
Natural Resources Minister David Ramsay.
It is obvious he did not read Paul Harris's column well, as he claims
Harris made several statements which he did not. He also claims the MNR
proposals say specific things about foster parent education, which they do
As an authorized wildlife custodian, I can say that all the rehabbers want
is for the MNR proposals to follow the same minimum standards as the
International Wildlife Rehabilitation Council. The MNR variance from these
standards puts both wildlife and humans at risk, as they are not workable.
I would suggest that The London Free Press provide some coverage on these
same proposals and the objections which the wildlife rehabilitators have
against them. London does not have a wildlife centre that can rehabilitate
the hundreds of orphaned animals found in its borders every year.
Animals needing assistance in London every year have been delegated out to
custodians and their foster parents in a large area outside of the city.
Even I have taken in orphaned wildlife from London, and with the help of
my foster parents raised and released them. Without the help of this network
of custodians and foster parents this coming spring, who will the city of
London tell the public to call?
Humane societies do not deal in wildlife.
Veterinarians must be licensed by the MNR to take the animals (most are
not) and they charge to euthanize these animals if no help is available.
With the MNR proposals, every community will have a problem this spring.
Laurel A. Beechey
The Skunk Lady
Minister's letter was incomplete
London Free Press
Jan. 15, 2005
Regarding the letter,
Minister cites errors in wildlife article (Jan. 12), from David Ramsay,
Minister of Natural Resources.
What Ramsay neglected to tell readers is that, at present, his ministry is
refusing to authorize these wildlife foster parents. This leaves us in a
crisis situation for this spring's orphans, as there are not enough
authorized wildlife custodians to handle the numbers of orphans that will
need to be taken into care.
Without the assistance of our foster parents, numerous healthy wildlife
orpahns will be euthanized or left to die, as directed by the ministry.
Paul Harris's rebuttal to
David Ramsay's letter (below)
I do realize that the Free Press does not like to get into 'he said/she
said' arguments on the opinion pages. But I am requesting that you give
serious consideration to printing the following letter in response to David
Ramsay, Minister of Natural Resources. He is either wrong or deliberately
Minister of Natural Resources David Ramsay wrote to the Free Press to
dispute statements written in my VoxPop article of January 7. He is
either willingly or unwittingly wrong in his remarks.
wrote that I complained wildlife custodians would no longer be able to raise
wildlife in their homes: I did not write that, but I did write that wildlife
assistants (foster parents) will not be permitted to do so. He also wrote that I
complained foster care givers will not be allowed to care for orphaned
creatures; I did not write that either.
It is hard to know where to begin here
because the Minister's letter is replete with inaccuracies. The Ministry has
been able to inspect custodians' facilities since 1999 and none of us object to
that; custodians will be required to have special training under the proposed
guidelines, but we already do and we don't object to that either; the guidelines
say, within two concurrent sentences that it is not permitted to keep wildlife
in a dwelling and then explains how they can be kept there; foster parents will
not be prohibited from caring for wildlife in an authorized custodians'
facility, but the whole point of foster care was to allow for animals to be
given into the care of the foster parents who would operate under the guidance
and watchful eye of the authorized custodian, who was legally responsible for
the foster parents' activities; the Minister refers to specialized training and
authorization for foster care givers, but I would dearly like him to show us
where this is stated in the proposed guidelines.
One of the Minister's reasons
for disallowing foster parents to care for wildlife in their own homes is that
the Ministry lacks the legal clout to enter their premises at will, as they do
with the authorized custodians. It seems to be a simple matter to make
permitting entry as a condition of granting permission to individuals to be
foster parents without prohibiting the valuable additional space they provide
for wildlife. Authorized custodians rely heavily on this additional housing
because most of us would be able to help very small numbers of animals without
that added support.
The wildlife rehabilitation community does not dispute the
need for guidelines; indeed, we fully support workable guidelines and
appropriate formal training that meet the internationally recognized standards.
But these aren't that.
Minister cites errors in wildlife
London Free Press
January 12, 2005
The vox pop, orphaned wildlife face death under new regulations (Jan. 7),
concerning wildlife rehabilitation, contained errors. It said that wildlife
custodians will no longer be able to care for orphaned or injured animals at
their homes and that foster care givers will not be allowed to care for
Both statements are wrong.
New guidelines for wildlife custodians proposed by the Ministry of Natural
Resources would allow wildlife custodians to work from home under two
conditions; that they designate an area of their home for animal care and
provide their local MNR district office with a map showing where in the
residence this area is.
This would allow for ministry inspection. The proposed new rules for
foster care givers would require them to meet a basic level of proficiency
before being issued with an authorization.
This would not only prove their competency, but show that they are legally
holding live wildlife in captivity and allow for ministry inspection. It does
not in any way prevent foster parents from looking after orphaned animals.
The proposed changes to the wildlife custodian program are posted on the
Environmental Bill of Rights website until Jan. 29 for public comment.
The website can be accessed at
Minister of Natural Resources
Orphaned wildlife face death under new
London Free Press
January 7, 2005
Note: Also published in the January 5 edition of The
Middlesex Banner in the letters to the editor, under the title: "Volunteer
wildlife custodians fighting mad!".
When you rescued those two cute baby raccoons
crying beside their dead mother on the side of the road last year,
you could call an Authorized Wildlife Custodian who volunteers under
the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (OMNR) to raise and
release healthy babies back into the wild, where they belong.
OMNR presently grants ‘authorization’ to
individuals who have demonstrated appropriate skill, training and
commitment to care for these animals. The government makes the
regulations but offers no other support to the custodians. Now they
are proposing changes that will virtually eliminate rehabilitation.
OMNR provides no funds or resources to
rehabilitators so most custodians work out of their own homes,
hoping for small donations, and are very limited in the number of
animals they can rescue. But they have been able to lean on a large
number of assistants (called foster parents) who also work out of
their homes and help with the raising and release of the babies.
Together, they help a large number animals.
OMNR has released a set of proposed guidelines
to “improve care for sick, injured or orphaned wildlife”, according
to Minister David Ramsay. Unfortunately, the proposed guidelines
could produce exactly the opposite result. One of those new
guidelines will no longer allow the assistants to work from their
homes, although they can go to the authorized wildlife centres to
assist. Unfortunately, there are very few wildlife centres in
Ontario and OMNR is not planning to open one in your area any time
soon. There are other unsupportable changes planned as well.
After reviewing the proposed changes, many
wildlife custodians state the regulations, if enacted, will likely
result in all responsible wildlife custodians returning their
authorizations to the Ministry and withdrawing this valuable public
service. The proposals are completely unacceptable for the
custodians and the wildlife for whom they provide care.
So what happens to those baby raccoons? You
will have two choices: you can pay to have them killed by a local
veterinarian (the Humane Societies have already said they don’t want
to do it); or you can leave them at the side of the road to starve
to death. How does that improve the care for orphaned wildlife?
So who will care for the animals? Many people
will not leave those babies to starve and untrained people will take
them in, putting themselves and the animals at risk. They will not
know how to prevent animal deaths or how to protect themselves from
diseases. And it is illegal for you to take them in and raise them
yourself, with a potential $100,000 penalty if you are caught.
The proposed guidelines do not meet
internationally recognized standards for wildlife care. Minister
Ramsay and Premier Dalton McGuinty know the rehabilitation community
is opposed to these plans but they are relying on the support of one
small and frequently disparaged rehabilitation group as proof that
rehabbers are onside with the government. Ramsay and McGuinty are
wrong, or not telling the truth.
Rehabbers need your help. If you are concerned
about the care that will be available to orphaned and injured
wildlife, and do not relish the idea of simply leaving an orphaned
or injured baby animal to starve to death in the wild, please
contact your Member of Provincial Parliament in writing immediately.
You only have until January 29, 2005 to make your views known or
these changes will go ahead and many baby animals will needlessly
suffer or die.
to view scanned letter as it appeared in the Middlesex Banner
Click here to find out how you can help!
No help for wildlife
November 24, 2004
ATTENTION : Premier McGuinty
Dear Premier McGuinty:
I have never before written a letter to a
politician, but feel now that I must as I am encountering a problem regarding
lack of access to a wildlife rehabilitation center. This has proven to be a
problem for me several times over the past couple of years. One of the
reasons is because I have a 14 year old son who has a great interest in
wildlife and has brought home several orphaned or hurt animals and birds that
he comes across. Fortunately, the Wild Bird Care Sanctuary of Ottawa has been
there to meet our needs for the bird foundlings. This is a great relief to me
as I don't want to have these otherwise healthy and viable animals dispatched
solely because there is nowhere they
can stay for any period of time while they are rehabilitated .
I was shocked and disappointed when the Ottawa
Carleton Wildlife Centre was closed down, because it provided such an
essential service to anyone who cares about the environment. Not having a
sanctuary for animals is not a good lesson to teach my son about the society
that he lives in. As a recent letter in the Ottawa Citizen states, "there is
something seriously wrong with a government policy that requires humane
societies, veterinarians and the public to kill baby animals". The
irresponsible and inhumane regulations imposed by the Ontario Ministry of
Natural Resources has meant that we have lost the services of the
Ottawa-Carleton Wildlife Centre as well as the help of the remaining small
number of other wildlife rehabilitators in Ontario . The community relied on
the Centre, and the veterinarians in the community who generously donated
professional support to it, to obtain effective advice in dealing with
wildlife problems and in assisting us when we had rescued an orphaned or
injured wild animal in distress, something that is increasingly occurring
because of extensive development and the serious impact it is having on our
Just yesterday, my son once again came home with
a slightly injured young animal, and I am now faced with the prospect of
trying to find a sanctuary to shelter this animal. It is my understanding the
Humane Society cannot take on this task, and the animal would have to be put
down . Although this is not a desirable solution, I know of people who are
obliged to transport these animals to other municipalities that are better
equipped to handle this problem . Unfortunately I don't have the connections
outside of Ottawa to be able to do this. I can't understand why Ottawa
cannot match the services of these smaller towns, to provide these valuable
Extensive development and human encroachment in
natural areas and greater environmental awareness on the part of the public
has increased the need for wildlife assistance . However, the regressive
regulations of OMNR make it difficult for rehabilitators to assist wildlife
and the public with a humane response. It is shameful that Canada's most
populous province has become the only jurisdiction in North America without
any progressive help for wildlife. Wildlife rehabilitation services cannot
survive within this Ministry and OMNR regulations and practices create a
health risk for Ontario's citizens. At the same time, broad public support
shown for wildlife rehabilitators and
the important community service they perform confirms the Ministry is out of
step with community values.
It is for this reason, therefore, that I am
writing to urge that you fulfill a commitment you made over a year ago to
review the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (OMNR) with respect to its
actions and regulations affecting wildlife rehabilitation in Ontario. As
someone who relies on wildlife rehabilitators in my community to provide a
humane response with respect to orphaned and injured wildlife, I am deeply
disappointed that you have not yet acted upon your commitment. I understand
that OMNR is in the process of
preparing new regulations to be effective January 2005 and it appears that
that these new regulations may actually make things worse, and they are
inopportune prior to conducting the promised review.
Please recall that it was Liberal members, while
in Opposition, who presented demands for change to the Ontario Legislature
through 9,000 petitions gathered from residents in 260 communities across the
province . It was Liberal members who were strongly critical of the
Conservative government for allowing the bureaucrats in OMNR to have created
this crisis .
I urge you to act immediately on your written
commitment to "support a full and complete review of MNR regulations in
relation to wildlife rehabilitation and to work closely with stakeholders as
you review these regulations" . Stakeholders must reflect the majority of
wildlife rehabilitators in Ontario through organizations like the Ontario
Wildlife Coalition and Volunteer Wildlife Custodians who they have selected
to represent them .
Jennifer Schlemm Holinsky
C.C . David Ramsay, Minister of Natural Resources
Jim Watson, MPP - Ottawa West, Nepean
Councillor Jan Harder - Ward 3
Letter to Prime Minister, Animal Cruelty
October 12, 2004
Dear Prime Minister Martin,
animal cruelty legislation, I am forwarding a letter I submitted to the Citizen,
a version of which appeared in that newspaper October 7th, 2004.
I am very glad that the federal government will once again attempt to
pass legislation to amend our outdated animal cruelty laws. However, I am
concerned by Justice Minister Irwin Cotler's comments of October 8th
that provisions have been made to address the concerns of a small group of
senators - particularly when those concerns have already been examined and
considered to be unfounded. The rights of hunters and aboriginal people
are already well protected and members of these groups have acknowledged
that Bill C-22 would not impact on legal activity.
Should this legislation
finally be passed, it will have taken more than a century for revisions to be
made to our animal cruelty laws. We will undoubtedly have to live with the
new laws for a very long time and therefore it is crucial that we get it right
this time around. It is not enough to have new legislation. The
legislation must be strong and effective and must be enacted soon.
points out that, in the last few years, over 65,000 letters have been received
on this issue and that legislation has been consistently passed by the House of
Commons only to be blocked by the Senate. Clearly, what is needed is not
another amendment but rather a strong message to those who continue to oppose
this bill that they are obstructing the will of Canadians and making a mockery
of our democratic process. To make further concessions to a few and
possibly allow inadequate legislation to pass, legislation we will have to
endure for many years into the future, would be a great injustice. This
legislation is simply too important to too many Canadians for it to be weakened
in any way or stalled any longer.
Animal cruelty bill has support of all
The Ottawa Citizen
October 7, 2004
Re: A little creativity will keep Paul Martin in power, Oct. 6.
I enjoyed Charles Gordon's column in which he listed hypothetical bills that all
parties in Parliament could agree on. How about adding an actual bill to the
agenda that everyone could agree on, and in fact, that all parties already do
It is Bill C-22, the animal cruelty bill that is desperately needed to replace
our current animal cruelty laws that are more than 100 years old and therefore
afford almost no protection to animals and don't possibly reflect our values
today. This bill has been passed in the House of Commons not once, not twice,
but four times and yet still has not become law. Not only does this bill have
support from all parties and from organizations with an interest such as police
associations, veterinarians and animal welfare groups, it also enjoys support
from groups that initially opposed it, such as hunting and farming groups.
Justice ministers have received lots of letters from the public in support of
With so much support, one would think that this bill would have passed into law
without a hitch. Unfortunately, it has been repeatedly thwarted and allowed to
die by a small group of senators. Is it any wonder that Canadians have become
apathetic about voting when the will of so many is ultimately in the hands of a
few individuals we do not even elect?
If the new Parliament would like some uncontentious legislation to pass that
would be applauded by a vast majority of Canadians, it should re-introduce Bill
C-22. This time around, ensure that it is passed into law, not only for the sake
of animals but for the very sake of our democratic process.
C The Ottawa Citizen 2004
Keep your promises Premier McGuinty
May 26, 2004
The Honourable Dalton McGuinty
Premier of Ontario
Room 281, Main Legislative Building, Queen’s Park
Toronto, Ontario M7A 1A4
Dear Premier McGuinty,
I voted Liberal last September based on your commitment to hold an inquiry
into the Ontario MNR raccoon rabies program and to review the regulations they
imposed on wild mammal rehabilitators in July 2002. These restrictive
regulations make it impossible to provide ethical wildlife rehabilitation
services, and have forced the closure of the Ottawa-Carleton Wildlife Centre -
one of the most comprehensive, pro-active and impressive wildlife response
centres on the continent.
I have been licensed by MNR as an independent (home-based) wildlife
rehabilitator in Ottawa since licensing was first introduced, and these
regulations have also forced me (along with all other independent wild mammal
rehabilitators in this region) to discontinue providing a volunteer service to
our communities. A large part of eastern Ontario including Ottawa is therefore
currently without any help for people who rescue orphaned or injured wild
mammals. It’s a shameful situation you promised to change.
The national capital region has lost an incredible resource in terms of
volunteer services. It was an abuse of power when the Ontario MNR enacted
unwarranted new restrictions in late July of 2002. Half way through the
wildlife season, when orphans had been in care and hand-reared for 6 to 8 weeks,
they imposed a 1 km release restriction for all wildlife in Ontario and
disallowed rehabilitation of rabies vector species (RVS) in a large part of
eastern Ontario, including Ottawa. They made unannounced visits to licensed
wildlife rehabilitators in this region; myself included, and seized RVS
(raccoons, skunks and foxes) in care - healthy, young, vaccinated animals.
MNR’s restrictive conditions remain unchanged, and members of the public who
find an orphaned wild mammal are being directed by MNR to leave it where they
found it (such as beside the dead mother on the road), or take it for euthanasia
at their own expense. MNR’s rational that it is protecting public health and
safety is not credible. They are well aware that experience has shown in
jurisdictions all across the continent that members of the public will not
follow such inhumane directives. Untrained, unvaccinated people will instead
attempt to care for wild orphans themselves, putting themselves, their children,
and domestic animals at risk - and rabies is actually one of the lesser risks
since raccoon rabies is under control in Ontario. Most people will be unaware
of how to take necessary precautions against other zoonotic illnesses /
It is profoundly disappointing that you have not yet acted to stop the
Ontario MNR’s Rabies Research and Development Unit from using innocent young
wildlife and dedicated volunteer wildlife rehabilitators as pawns in its ongoing
efforts to secure continued funding to keep its bloated, corrupt bureaucracy
afloat. I want you to honour the commitments you made to Donna DuBreuil, OCWC
President before the election last September: to hold an inquiry into the
Ontario MNR raccoon rabies program and to review the regulations they imposed on
wild mammal rehabilitators in July 2002.
Please Premier McGuinty, be aware that time is of the essence. The spring
birthing season is now in full swing, and this year, like last year, hundreds of
orphaned wild mammals are being left to suffer and die, while hundreds rescuers
(compassionate members of the public from all walks of life) flounder around
desperately looking for help.
Sent by E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
David Ramsay, Minister of Natural Resources
Richard Patten, Liberal MPP, Ottawa Centre
Jim Watson, Liberal MPP, Ottawa West-Nepean
Phil McNeely, Liberal MPP, Ottawa-Orleans
Madeleine Meilleur, Liberal MPP, Ottawa-Vanier
John Baird, PC Nepean-Carleton
Norm Sterling, PC Lanark-Carleton
Humane society, veterinarians become
killing machines for MNR
May 24, 2004
Dear Mr. McGuinty,
I am writing regarding a front page article in the
Ottawa Citizen, Sunday, May 23, 2004. It states that the Ottawa Humane
Society and, possibly, area veterinarians have become killing machines for
the Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR) due to the unworkable regulations
that have been imposed on wildlife rehabilitators in this province. These
regulations, as you are aware, resulted in the closure of the Ottawa-Carleton
Wildlife Centre, a world class wildlife rehabilitation centre.
It is totally unacceptable that wildlife is being killed
just because it is orphaned and/or injured. Until it happens to you
personally, you cannot appreciate the anguish someone goes through when they
find an orphaned baby animal and they can find no help for it. The majority
of these wildlife situations are the result of human activities such as land
clearing during birthing season, road kills, the trapping and relocation of
mother animals leaving abandoned young, etc. This is not nature taking its
course but rather human interference with nature. Recently, I was told of a
teacher whose grade 4 students found an orphaned squirrel and four of its
dead siblings in their school yard. What an excellent time to teach
compassion. But a call to the MNR prompted the response “put it back into the
food chain”. This type of response is unacceptable to compassionate
individuals who wish to see an animal raised to have a chance in nature.
Fortunately, as might be expected, the teacher and her students were not
satisfied with this response and chose a more humane and positive outcome for
One of your election promises to the people of Ontario
and, in particular, to your own constituents was that you would have an
inquiry regarding these unworkable regulations that the MNR has imposed upon
Ontario rehabilitators. The regulations make it impossible for rehabilitators
to respond to public demands for help in dealing with orphaned wildlife.
Your constituents expect you to fulfill your election
promises. There must be an inquiry into the closing of the Ottawa-Carleton
Wildlife Centre. The regulations must change regarding wildlife
rehabilitation. It is imperative that this happen immediately to avoid a
repeat of the tragic and avoidable killing of innocent baby animals that
occurred last year and this year.
Wildlife rehabilitators best early
warning system for rabies
Re: They're cute, but they'll die if you try
to help save them
Humane Society must kill sick orphaned wild
animals brought in: May 23, 2004
We are sick at heart over the notice on the front page of The Citizen,
proclaiming "They're cute, but they'll die if you try to help save them."
The article, by Bridget Roussy, is accompanied by a file picture of an
Eastern Grey Squirrel, and most of the article is devoted to an
of why the Ottawa Humane Society (OHS) considers its mission to be
toward domesticated animals, mainly dogs and cats, not wildlife. The
OHS executive director, Bruce Roney, actually states that provincial
law "forces" the OHS to euthanize wild animals. We do not know whether
this is an exact reading of the law or an interpretation of it, but we
can understand generally that wildlife may lie outside the mission of the OHS.
The important fact is that until December 2002, our city was the home
to the Ottawa-Carleton Wildlife Centre (OCWC) whose mission was
precisely to care for injured and orphaned wildlife found and rescued in this
region.The OCWC was one of the most progressive and active wildlife centres
in North America, operating from a well equipped building in western Ottawa,
with a huge network of volunteer rehabilitators, a small dedicated staff of
veterinarian interns, support from one of the major veterinarian hospitals,
and a hotline that enabled thousands of people per year to settle their perceived
grievances with wildlife merely through a telephone call. It was the best service
of its kind on the
continent, and it was forced to close by the Ontario Ministry of Natural
We were among the network of OCWC volunteers. From 1994-95 through
we worked with 117 orphaned animals, almost all of them successively
rehabilitated and released into carefully selected natural habitats
far removed from the city. Our caging compound still stands in our back yard.
It should be occupied by orphaned animals at this time of the year,
OMNR will not permit such a labour of love. In fact, a woman who
OMNR this month to ask how to cope with a litter of orphaned squirrels was
instructed to "drown them."
The OMNR claims that the raccoon strain of rabies is moving northward and
could represent a threat to the people of this province. This was the excuse for
closing down the OCWC, noting that species that might be rabies vectors (mainly
raccoons and skunks) were being cared for through its programme. In fact, by
closing the OCWC, the OMNR threw away its best possible early warning system to
detect the presence of rabies in this region. Given the veterinarian support
amassed by the OCWC, and the collective experience of its staff, there would
have been no way for a rabid animal to have gone unnoticed and to be released
into natural habitat. Any rabid animals would have been recognized as such and
would have been euthanized. Under the existing arrangement, all wild animals are
killed! Even those species not known to harbour rabies are among those being
The candidates for Liberal seats in the current Ontario legislature
uniformly agreed that the OMNR policy should be reviewed and revised.
Now that they are in power, this promise seems to have fallen into the
same dustbin as the one about about the budgets and the taxes. What
makes this especially appalling is that the cost of re-opening the
OCWC would be negligible. The building is still there, still dedicated
to the purpose; the veterinarian interns would come back as volunteers
to gain experience in their chosen field of study; and the volunteer
nothing more than to have their purpose-built cages occupied by their
species of choice. The province itself would regain an expert early
system to detect the possible arrival of raccoon rabies, or any other
disease, thereby protecting public health. The public could call upon
the OCWC instead of the OHS. Perhaps hundreds of baby animals would
die prematurely. It's a no-brainer!
Richard and Heather Morlan
Ottawa (Nepean), Ontario
Open wildlife centre
The Ottawa Citizen
May 31, 2004
Re: They're cute, but they'll die if you try to help save them, MAY 23.
When I first moved to Ottawa several years ago from Toronto, I was delighted
and impressed to learn that Ottawa boasted one of the most progressive wildlife
rehabilitation centres in North America.
With the centre's controversial closing two years ago because of policies of
the provincial government, I was sickened and angered to learn from the
Citizen's article that the only option at present for injured or orphaned
wildlife is for them to be killed by the Humane Society.
Shame on you, Ottawa. We need our wildlife centre reopened as soon as
possible. We are the nation's capital and we should be setting an example to the
rest of the country regarding the compassionate treatment and rehabilitation of
all lives, including the furry ones.
The Ottawa Citizen
May 27, 2004
Re: Humane Society must kill sick, orphaned wild animals brought in, May 23.
Click here to read story.
One has to seriously question a government policy that requires humane
societies, veterinarians and the public to kill baby animals. Ontario stands
alone as being the only jurisdiction in North America that outlaws a humane and
responsible approach to rehabilitation of urban wildlife, including raccoons,
skunks and squirrels.
Since the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources introduced new regulations
two years ago in Eastern Ontario, thousands of healthy young animals have been
euthanized or left to die of dehydration and starvation. The McGuinty Liberals
committed to review these draconian rules prior to their election win last
October. We're still waiting, Mr. McGuinty, and the animals are still dying.
Debbie Lawes, Ottawa,
Board member, Ottawa-Carleton Wildlife Centre
Click to view letters